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{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\fswiss\cpg0\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f2\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f3\fswiss\cpg1252\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f4\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f5\fswiss\cpg1251\fcharset204 Arial;}{\f6\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f7\fswiss\cpg1250\fcharset238 Arial;}{\f8\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f9\fswiss\cpg1257\fcharset186 Arial;}{\f10\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f11\fswiss\cpg1254\fcharset162 Arial;}{\f12\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f13\fswiss\cpg1253\fcharset161 Arial;}{\f14\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}{\f15\fswiss\cpg1255\fcharset177 Arial;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f2\fs20 Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl2788\margr2868\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn2788\margrsxn2868\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li25\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\tx2390 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-5\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs22 joo{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\expndtw-1 EXTENT}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li32\fi0\ri0\sb223\sa0\sl-241\slmult0\tx6404 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw11\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 over Orissa is clear from the \i Life\super 1\nosupersub ; \i0 and the fact that\line \expndtw5 in his progress in East India Harsa held his court at\line \expndtw7 Kajarigala (Rajmahal district) furnishes another proof\line \expndtw5 of the extension of his jurisdiction so far. We may,\line \expndtw4 therefore, on the strength of Yuan Chwang's testimony\line \expndtw7 and other epigraphic and literary records roughly de\-\line \expndtw3 fine the kingdom of Harsa in modern geographical\line \expndtw2 terminology as consisting of portions of eastern Punjab,\line \expndtw13 almost the whole of the present U.P. (excepting\line \expndtw1 Mathura and Matipura,), Bihar, Bengal, and Orissa in\-\line \expndtw11 cluding Kongoda or the Ganjam region.\super 2\nosupersub  That this\line \expndtw3 was the view of Yuan Chwang also appears from the\line expression "lord of the five Indias", which has been\line \expndtw1 explained as comprising Svarastra or the Punjab (eastern\line \expndtw6 parts of the Punjab in this case), Ivanyakubja, Mithila{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\expndtw17 jr}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li0\fi0\ri950\sb0\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw12\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 or Bihar, Gauda or Bengal, Utkala or Orissa. Thus \expndtw7 the whole evidence harmonises remarkably well, and \expndtw2 it is high time to abandon every exaggerated notion of \expndtw12 Harsa's sovereignty extending up to Kashmir and \expndtw7 Sind, Saurastra and even the far South, Kamarupa \expndtw4 .(Assam) and Nepal. Such a view is flagrantly opposed \expndtw1 to the unimpeachable contemporary accounts of Yuan \expndtw4 Chwang. These territories themselves were of suffi\-\expndtw5 ciently imposing dimensions, being much larger than any other individual state in Northern India; and this \expndtw10 was the reason why the power of Harsa made such a}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li47\fi385\ri749\sb248\sa0\sl-202\slmult0\tx547 \f2\fs20{\b0\i\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 1{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\nosupersub\expndtw4 Life, \i0 p. 154. Siladityaraja is represented as having assigned\line \expndtw7 to Jayasena, a  noted Buddhist scholar,  the.  revenue of eighty\line large towns of Orissa.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li47\fi385\ri749\sb0\sa0\sl-202\slmult0\tx547 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 2{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\nosupersub\expndtw2 The phenomenon of small states, almost adjacent to Kanauj,\line \expndtw4 may be explained by their alliance with Harsa at the very start of\line \expndtw5 his career to escape his war-frenzy.    And   Harsa,   who   stood\line \expndtw4 in   dire   need of allies then,   astutely tolerated  their  continued\line \expndtw6 existence.   The powers, which lay on his southern route, main\-\line \expndtw4 tained their autonomy either   by   giving a   passage   to  Harsa's\line \expndtw10 forces,  or, if they had to submit to his  yoke, by re-asserting\line \expndtw3 themselves afterwards  at his  discomfiture  when warring against\line Pulakesin II.}\par }